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Home > News > SPST SPST, SPDT, DPST, and DPDT for Toggle Switch, Push Button Switch, Slide Switch, Rotary Switch, Keylock Switch

SPST SPST, SPDT, DPST, and DPDT for Toggle Switch, Push Button Switch, Slide Switch, Rotary Switch, Keylock Switch

2020-05-12

What does SPST, SPDT, DPST, and DPDT mean?

SP and DP mean to single pole and double poles, ST and DT refer to single throw and double throws.

Pole means to the number of circuits controlled by the switch: SP switches control only one electrical circuit. DP switches control two independent circuits (and act like two identical switches that are mechanically linked). Do not confuse `pole` with `terminal`. The DPST switch, for example, has four terminals, but it is a DP, not a 4P switch.

Throw refers to the extreme position of the actuator: ST switches close a circuit at only one position. The other position of the handle is Off. DT switches close a circuit in the Up position, as well as the Down position (On-On). DT switch can also have a center position (frequently On-Off-On).

Single pole/throw and double pole/throw switches are by far the most common switches, but triple and quadruple configurations are also available. They are commonly denoted 3PST, 3PDT, 4PDT, etc.

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